Reference documentation for deal.II version GIT f9a1fd2718 2022-08-19 02:45:02+00:00
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Classes | Public Types | Public Member Functions | Static Public Member Functions | Protected Member Functions | Static Protected Member Functions | Protected Attributes | Private Types | Private Member Functions | Private Attributes | Static Private Attributes | List of all members
SolverFlexibleCG< VectorType > Class Template Reference

#include <deal.II/lac/solver_cg.h>

Inheritance diagram for SolverFlexibleCG< VectorType >:
[legend]

Classes

struct  AdditionalData
 

Public Types

using size_type = types::global_dof_index
 
using vector_type = Vector< double >
 

Public Member Functions

 SolverFlexibleCG (SolverControl &cn, VectorMemory< VectorType > &mem, const AdditionalData &data=AdditionalData())
 
 SolverFlexibleCG (SolverControl &cn, const AdditionalData &data=AdditionalData())
 
void solve (const MatrixType &A, Vector< double > &x, const Vector< double > &b, const PreconditionerType &preconditioner)
 
boost::signals2::connection connect_coefficients_slot (const std::function< void(typename VectorType::value_type, typename VectorType::value_type)> &slot)
 
boost::signals2::connection connect_condition_number_slot (const std::function< void(double)> &slot, const bool every_iteration=false)
 
boost::signals2::connection connect_eigenvalues_slot (const std::function< void(const std::vector< double > &)> &slot, const bool every_iteration=false)
 
boost::signals2::connection connect (const std::function< SolverControl::State(const unsigned int iteration, const double check_value, const Vector< double > &current_iterate)> &slot)
 
template<class Archive >
void serialize (Archive &ar, const unsigned int version)
 
Subscriptor functionality

Classes derived from Subscriptor provide a facility to subscribe to this object. This is mostly used by the SmartPointer class.

void subscribe (std::atomic< bool > *const validity, const std::string &identifier="") const
 
void unsubscribe (std::atomic< bool > *const validity, const std::string &identifier="") const
 
unsigned int n_subscriptions () const
 
template<typename StreamType >
void list_subscribers (StreamType &stream) const
 
void list_subscribers () const
 

Static Public Member Functions

static ::ExceptionBaseExcInUse (int arg1, std::string arg2, std::string arg3)
 
static ::ExceptionBaseExcNoSubscriber (std::string arg1, std::string arg2)
 

Protected Member Functions

virtual void print_vectors (const unsigned int step, const Vector< double > &x, const Vector< double > &r, const Vector< double > &d) const
 

Static Protected Member Functions

static void compute_eigs_and_cond (const std::vector< typename VectorType::value_type > &diagonal, const std::vector< typename VectorType::value_type > &offdiagonal, const boost::signals2::signal< void(const std::vector< double > &)> &eigenvalues_signal, const boost::signals2::signal< void(double)> &cond_signal)
 

Protected Attributes

AdditionalData additional_data
 
boost::signals2::signal< void(typename VectorType::value_type, typename VectorType::value_type)> coefficients_signal
 
boost::signals2::signal< void(double)> condition_number_signal
 
boost::signals2::signal< void(double)> all_condition_numbers_signal
 
boost::signals2::signal< void(const std::vector< double > &)> eigenvalues_signal
 
boost::signals2::signal< void(const std::vector< double > &)> all_eigenvalues_signal
 
bool determine_beta_by_flexible_formula
 
GrowingVectorMemory< Vector< double > > static_vector_memory
 
VectorMemory< Vector< double > > & memory
 
boost::signals2::signal< SolverControl::State(const unsigned int iteration, const double check_value, const Vector< double > &current_iterate), StateCombiner > iteration_status
 

Private Types

using map_value_type = decltype(counter_map)::value_type
 
using map_iterator = decltype(counter_map)::iterator
 

Private Member Functions

void check_no_subscribers () const noexcept
 

Private Attributes

std::atomic< unsigned int > counter
 
std::map< std::string, unsigned int > counter_map
 
std::vector< std::atomic< bool > * > validity_pointers
 
const std::type_info * object_info
 

Static Private Attributes

static std::mutex mutex
 

Detailed Description

template<typename VectorType = Vector<double>>
class SolverFlexibleCG< VectorType >

This class implements a flexible variant of the conjugate gradient method, which is based on a different formula to compute \(\beta_k\) in the process of constructing a new search direction that is A-orthogonal against the previous one. Rather than using the Fletcher–Reeves update formula with \(\beta_k = \frac{\mathbf{r}^T_{k+1} \mathbf{z}_{k+1}}{\mathbf{r}^T_{k} \mathbf{z}_{k}}\) for computing the new search direction (here \(\mathbf{r}_{k+1}\) is the residual in step \(k+1\) and \(\mathbf{z}_{k+1} = P^{-1} \mathbf{r}_{k+1}\)) as in the classical conjugate gradient algorithm, this class selects the Polak-Ribiere formula \(\beta_k = \frac{\mathbf{r}^T_{k+1} \left(\mathbf{z}_{k+1} - \mathbf{z}_{k}\right)}{\mathbf{r}^T_{k} \mathbf{z}_{k}}\). The additional term \(\mathbf{r}^T_{k+1} \mathbf{z}_{k}\) is zero for linear symmetric-positive definite preconditioners due to the construction of the search directions, so the behavior of SolverFlexibleCG is equivalent for those kinds of situations and merely increases costs by requiring an additional stored vector and associated vector operations. While there are no theoretical guarantees for convergence as in the classical CG algorithm, the current class has been documented to be much more robust for variable preconditioners (e.g., involving some iterative inverse that is not fully converged) or a preconditioner with some slight non-symmetry (like weighted Schwarz methods), which results from the local optimality of the search direction with at least as good progress as the locally optimal steepest descent method.

Definition at line 354 of file solver_cg.h.

Member Typedef Documentation

◆ size_type

template<typename VectorType = Vector<double>>
using SolverFlexibleCG< VectorType >::size_type = types::global_dof_index

Declare type for container size.

Definition at line 360 of file solver_cg.h.

◆ vector_type

using SolverBase< Vector< double > >::vector_type = Vector< double >
inherited

An alias for the underlying vector type

Definition at line 346 of file solver.h.

◆ map_value_type

using Subscriptor::map_value_type = decltype(counter_map)::value_type
privateinherited

The data type used in counter_map.

Definition at line 230 of file subscriptor.h.

◆ map_iterator

using Subscriptor::map_iterator = decltype(counter_map)::iterator
privateinherited

The iterator type used in counter_map.

Definition at line 235 of file subscriptor.h.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

◆ SolverFlexibleCG() [1/2]

template<typename VectorType = Vector<double>>
SolverFlexibleCG< VectorType >::SolverFlexibleCG ( SolverControl cn,
VectorMemory< VectorType > &  mem,
const AdditionalData data = AdditionalData() 
)

Constructor.

◆ SolverFlexibleCG() [2/2]

template<typename VectorType = Vector<double>>
SolverFlexibleCG< VectorType >::SolverFlexibleCG ( SolverControl cn,
const AdditionalData data = AdditionalData() 
)

Constructor. Use an object of type GrowingVectorMemory as a default to allocate memory.

Member Function Documentation

◆ solve()

void SolverCG< Vector< double > >::solve ( const MatrixType &  A,
Vector< double > &  x,
const Vector< double > &  b,
const PreconditionerType &  preconditioner 
)
inherited

Solve the linear system \(Ax=b\) for x.

◆ connect_coefficients_slot()

boost::signals2::connection SolverCG< Vector< double > >::connect_coefficients_slot ( const std::function< void(typename VectorType::value_type, typename VectorType::value_type)> &  slot)
inherited

Connect a slot to retrieve the CG coefficients. The slot will be called with alpha as the first argument and with beta as the second argument, where alpha and beta follow the notation in Y. Saad: "Iterative methods for Sparse Linear Systems", section 6.7. Called once per iteration

◆ connect_condition_number_slot()

boost::signals2::connection SolverCG< Vector< double > >::connect_condition_number_slot ( const std::function< void(double)> &  slot,
const bool  every_iteration = false 
)
inherited

Connect a slot to retrieve the estimated condition number. Called on each iteration if every_iteration=true, otherwise called once when iterations are ended (i.e., either because convergence has been achieved, or because divergence has been detected).

◆ connect_eigenvalues_slot()

boost::signals2::connection SolverCG< Vector< double > >::connect_eigenvalues_slot ( const std::function< void(const std::vector< double > &)> &  slot,
const bool  every_iteration = false 
)
inherited

Connect a slot to retrieve the estimated eigenvalues. Called on each iteration if every_iteration=true, otherwise called once when iterations are ended (i.e., either because convergence has been achieved, or because divergence has been detected).

◆ print_vectors()

virtual void SolverCG< Vector< double > >::print_vectors ( const unsigned int  step,
const Vector< double > &  x,
const Vector< double > &  r,
const Vector< double > &  d 
) const
protectedvirtualinherited

Interface for derived class. This function gets the current iteration vector, the residual and the update vector in each step. It can be used for graphical output of the convergence history.

◆ compute_eigs_and_cond()

static void SolverCG< Vector< double > >::compute_eigs_and_cond ( const std::vector< typename VectorType::value_type > &  diagonal,
const std::vector< typename VectorType::value_type > &  offdiagonal,
const boost::signals2::signal< void(const std::vector< double > &)> &  eigenvalues_signal,
const boost::signals2::signal< void(double)> &  cond_signal 
)
staticprotectedinherited

Estimates the eigenvalues from diagonal and offdiagonal. Uses these estimate to compute the condition number. Calls the signals eigenvalues_signal and cond_signal with these estimates as arguments.

◆ connect()

boost::signals2::connection SolverBase< Vector< double > >::connect ( const std::function< SolverControl::State(const unsigned int iteration, const double check_value, const VectorType &current_iterate)> &  slot)
inherited

Connect a function object that will be called periodically within iterative solvers. This function is used to attach monitors to iterative solvers, either to determine when convergence has happened, or simply to observe the progress of an iteration. See the documentation of this class for more information.

Parameters
slotA function object specified here will, with each call, receive the number of the current iteration, the value that is used to check for convergence (typically the residual of the current iterate with respect to the linear system to be solved) and the currently best available guess for the current iterate. Note that some solvers do not update the approximate solution in every iteration but only after convergence or failure has been determined (GMRES is an example); in such cases, the vector passed as the last argument to the signal is simply the best approximate at the time the signal is called, but not the vector that will be returned if the signal's return value indicates that the iteration should be terminated. The function object must return a SolverControl::State value that indicates whether the iteration should continue, has failed, or has succeeded. The results of all connected functions will then be combined to determine what should happen with the iteration.
Returns
A connection object that represents the connection from the signal to the function object. It can be used to disconnect the function object again from the signal. See the documentation of the BOOST Signals2 library for more information on connection management.

◆ subscribe()

void Subscriptor::subscribe ( std::atomic< bool > *const  validity,
const std::string &  identifier = "" 
) const
inherited

Subscribes a user of the object by storing the pointer validity. The subscriber may be identified by text supplied as identifier.

Definition at line 136 of file subscriptor.cc.

◆ unsubscribe()

void Subscriptor::unsubscribe ( std::atomic< bool > *const  validity,
const std::string &  identifier = "" 
) const
inherited

Unsubscribes a user from the object.

Note
The identifier and the validity pointer must be the same as the one supplied to subscribe().

Definition at line 156 of file subscriptor.cc.

◆ n_subscriptions()

unsigned int Subscriptor::n_subscriptions ( ) const
inlineinherited

Return the present number of subscriptions to this object. This allows to use this class for reference counted lifetime determination where the last one to unsubscribe also deletes the object.

Definition at line 300 of file subscriptor.h.

◆ list_subscribers() [1/2]

template<typename StreamType >
void Subscriptor::list_subscribers ( StreamType &  stream) const
inlineinherited

List the subscribers to the input stream.

Definition at line 317 of file subscriptor.h.

◆ list_subscribers() [2/2]

void Subscriptor::list_subscribers ( ) const
inherited

List the subscribers to deallog.

Definition at line 204 of file subscriptor.cc.

◆ serialize()

template<class Archive >
void Subscriptor::serialize ( Archive &  ar,
const unsigned int  version 
)
inlineinherited

Read or write the data of this object to or from a stream for the purpose of serialization using the BOOST serialization library.

This function does not actually serialize any of the member variables of this class. The reason is that what this class stores is only who subscribes to this object, but who does so at the time of storing the contents of this object does not necessarily have anything to do with who subscribes to the object when it is restored. Consequently, we do not want to overwrite the subscribers at the time of restoring, and then there is no reason to write the subscribers out in the first place.

Definition at line 309 of file subscriptor.h.

◆ check_no_subscribers()

void Subscriptor::check_no_subscribers ( ) const
privatenoexceptinherited

Check that there are no objects subscribing to this object. If this check passes then it is safe to destroy the current object. It this check fails then this function will either abort or print an error message to deallog (by using the AssertNothrow mechanism), but will not throw an exception.

Note
Since this function is just a consistency check it does nothing in release mode.
If this function is called when there is an uncaught exception then, rather than aborting, this function prints an error message to the standard error stream and returns.

Definition at line 53 of file subscriptor.cc.

Member Data Documentation

◆ additional_data

AdditionalData SolverCG< Vector< double > >::additional_data
protectedinherited

Additional parameters.

Definition at line 281 of file solver_cg.h.

◆ coefficients_signal

boost::signals2::signal<void(typename VectorType::value_type, typename VectorType::value_type)> SolverCG< Vector< double > >::coefficients_signal
protectedinherited

Signal used to retrieve the CG coefficients. Called on each iteration.

Definition at line 288 of file solver_cg.h.

◆ condition_number_signal

boost::signals2::signal<void(double)> SolverCG< Vector< double > >::condition_number_signal
protectedinherited

Signal used to retrieve the estimated condition number. Called once when all iterations are ended.

Definition at line 294 of file solver_cg.h.

◆ all_condition_numbers_signal

boost::signals2::signal<void(double)> SolverCG< Vector< double > >::all_condition_numbers_signal
protectedinherited

Signal used to retrieve the estimated condition numbers. Called on each iteration.

Definition at line 300 of file solver_cg.h.

◆ eigenvalues_signal

boost::signals2::signal<void(const std::vector<double> &)> SolverCG< Vector< double > >::eigenvalues_signal
protectedinherited

Signal used to retrieve the estimated eigenvalues. Called once when all iterations are ended.

Definition at line 306 of file solver_cg.h.

◆ all_eigenvalues_signal

boost::signals2::signal<void(const std::vector<double> &)> SolverCG< Vector< double > >::all_eigenvalues_signal
protectedinherited

Signal used to retrieve the estimated eigenvalues. Called on each iteration.

Definition at line 313 of file solver_cg.h.

◆ determine_beta_by_flexible_formula

bool SolverCG< Vector< double > >::determine_beta_by_flexible_formula
protectedinherited

Flag to indicate whether the classical Fletcher–Reeves update formula for the parameter \(\beta_k\) (standard CG algorithm, minimal storage needs) or the flexible conjugate gradient method with Polak-Ribiere formula for \(\beta_k\) should be used. This base class implementation of SolverCG will always use the former method, whereas the derived class SolverFlexibleCG will use the latter.

Definition at line 323 of file solver_cg.h.

◆ static_vector_memory

GrowingVectorMemory<Vector< double > > SolverBase< Vector< double > >::static_vector_memory
mutableprotectedinherited

A static vector memory object to be used whenever no such object has been given to the constructor.

Definition at line 414 of file solver.h.

◆ memory

VectorMemory<Vector< double > >& SolverBase< Vector< double > >::memory
protectedinherited

A reference to an object that provides memory for auxiliary vectors.

Definition at line 419 of file solver.h.

◆ iteration_status

boost::signals2::signal< SolverControl::State(const unsigned int iteration, const double check_value, const Vector< double > & current_iterate), StateCombiner> SolverBase< Vector< double > >::iteration_status
protectedinherited

A signal that iterative solvers can execute at the end of every iteration (or in an otherwise periodic fashion) to find out whether we should continue iterating or not. The signal may call one or more slots that each will make this determination by themselves, and the result over all slots (function calls) will be determined by the StateCombiner object.

The arguments passed to the signal are (i) the number of the current iteration; (ii) the value that is used to determine convergence (oftentimes the residual, but in other cases other quantities may be used as long as they converge to zero as the iterate approaches the solution of the linear system); and (iii) a vector that corresponds to the current best guess for the solution at the point where the signal is called. Note that some solvers do not update the approximate solution in every iteration but only after convergence or failure has been determined (GMRES is an example); in such cases, the vector passed as the last argument to the signal is simply the best approximate at the time the signal is called, but not the vector that will be returned if the signal's return value indicates that the iteration should be terminated.

Definition at line 470 of file solver.h.

◆ counter

std::atomic<unsigned int> Subscriptor::counter
mutableprivateinherited

Store the number of objects which subscribed to this object. Initially, this number is zero, and upon destruction it shall be zero again (i.e. all objects which subscribed should have unsubscribed again).

The creator (and owner) of an object is counted in the map below if HE manages to supply identification.

We use the mutable keyword in order to allow subscription to constant objects also.

This counter may be read from and written to concurrently in multithreaded code: hence we use the std::atomic class template.

Definition at line 219 of file subscriptor.h.

◆ counter_map

std::map<std::string, unsigned int> Subscriptor::counter_map
mutableprivateinherited

In this map, we count subscriptions for each different identification string supplied to subscribe().

Definition at line 225 of file subscriptor.h.

◆ validity_pointers

std::vector<std::atomic<bool> *> Subscriptor::validity_pointers
mutableprivateinherited

In this vector, we store pointers to the validity bool in the SmartPointer objects that subscribe to this class.

Definition at line 241 of file subscriptor.h.

◆ object_info

const std::type_info* Subscriptor::object_info
mutableprivateinherited

Pointer to the typeinfo object of this object, from which we can later deduce the class name. Since this information on the derived class is neither available in the destructor, nor in the constructor, we obtain it in between and store it here.

Definition at line 249 of file subscriptor.h.

◆ mutex

std::mutex Subscriptor::mutex
staticprivateinherited

A mutex used to ensure data consistency when printing out the list of subscribers.

Definition at line 271 of file subscriptor.h.


The documentation for this class was generated from the following file: