Reference documentation for deal.II version GIT relicensing1062gc06da148b8 20240715 19:20:02+00:00

#include <deal.II/fe/mapping_q1_eulerian.h>
Public Member Functions  
MappingQ1Eulerian (const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &euler_dof_handler, const VectorType &euler_vector)  
virtual boost::container::small_vector< Point< spacedim >, GeometryInfo< dim >::vertices_per_cell >  get_vertices (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell) const override 
virtual std::unique_ptr< Mapping< dim, spacedim > >  clone () const override 
virtual bool  preserves_vertex_locations () const override 
unsigned int  get_degree () const 
virtual BoundingBox< spacedim >  get_bounding_box (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell) const override 
virtual bool  is_compatible_with (const ReferenceCell &reference_cell) const override 
void  fill_mapping_data_for_generic_points (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const ArrayView< const Point< dim > > &unit_points, const UpdateFlags update_flags, internal::FEValuesImplementation::MappingRelatedData< dim, spacedim > &output_data) const 
void  fill_mapping_data_for_face_quadrature (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const unsigned int face_number, const Quadrature< dim  1 > &face_quadrature, const typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase &internal_data, internal::FEValuesImplementation::MappingRelatedData< dim, spacedim > &output_data) const 
boost::container::small_vector< Point< spacedim >, GeometryInfo< dim >::vertices_per_face >  get_vertices (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const unsigned int face_no) const 
virtual Point< spacedim >  get_center (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const bool map_barycenter_of_reference_cell=true) const 
template<class Archive >  
void  serialize (Archive &ar, const unsigned int version) 
Mapping points between reference and real cells  
virtual Point< spacedim >  transform_unit_to_real_cell (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const Point< dim > &p) const override 
virtual Point< dim >  transform_real_to_unit_cell (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const Point< spacedim > &p) const override 
virtual void  transform_points_real_to_unit_cell (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const ArrayView< const Point< spacedim > > &real_points, const ArrayView< Point< dim > > &unit_points) const override 
Functions to transform tensors from reference to real coordinates  
virtual void  transform (const ArrayView< const Tensor< 1, dim > > &input, const MappingKind kind, const typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase &internal, const ArrayView< Tensor< 1, spacedim > > &output) const override 
virtual void  transform (const ArrayView< const DerivativeForm< 1, dim, spacedim > > &input, const MappingKind kind, const typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase &internal, const ArrayView< Tensor< 2, spacedim > > &output) const override 
virtual void  transform (const ArrayView< const Tensor< 2, dim > > &input, const MappingKind kind, const typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase &internal, const ArrayView< Tensor< 2, spacedim > > &output) const override 
virtual void  transform (const ArrayView< const DerivativeForm< 2, dim, spacedim > > &input, const MappingKind kind, const typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase &internal, const ArrayView< Tensor< 3, spacedim > > &output) const override 
virtual void  transform (const ArrayView< const Tensor< 3, dim > > &input, const MappingKind kind, const typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase &internal, const ArrayView< Tensor< 3, spacedim > > &output) const override 
Mapping points between reference and real cells  
Point< dim  1 >  project_real_point_to_unit_point_on_face (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const unsigned int face_no, const Point< spacedim > &p) const 
Subscriptor functionality  
Classes derived from Subscriptor provide a facility to subscribe to this object. This is mostly used by the SmartPointer class.  
void  subscribe (std::atomic< bool > *const validity, const std::string &identifier="") const 
void  unsubscribe (std::atomic< bool > *const validity, const std::string &identifier="") const 
unsigned int  n_subscriptions () const 
template<typename StreamType >  
void  list_subscribers (StreamType &stream) const 
void  list_subscribers () const 
Static Public Member Functions  
static ::ExceptionBase &  ExcInactiveCell () 
static ::ExceptionBase &  ExcInUse (int arg1, std::string arg2, std::string arg3) 
static ::ExceptionBase &  ExcNoSubscriber (std::string arg1, std::string arg2) 
Exceptions  
static ::ExceptionBase &  ExcInvalidData () 
static ::ExceptionBase &  ExcTransformationFailed () 
static ::ExceptionBase &  ExcDistortedMappedCell (Point< spacedim > arg1, double arg2, int arg3) 
Protected Member Functions  
virtual CellSimilarity::Similarity  fill_fe_values (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const CellSimilarity::Similarity cell_similarity, const Quadrature< dim > &quadrature, const typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase &internal_data, internal::FEValuesImplementation::MappingRelatedData< dim, spacedim > &output_data) const override 
virtual std::vector< Point< spacedim > >  compute_mapping_support_points (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell) const override 
Point< dim >  transform_real_to_unit_cell_internal (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const Point< spacedim > &p, const Point< dim > &initial_p_unit) const 
Point< 1 >  transform_real_to_unit_cell_internal (const Triangulation< 1, 1 >::cell_iterator &cell, const Point< 1 > &p, const Point< 1 > &initial_p_unit) const 
Point< 2 >  transform_real_to_unit_cell_internal (const Triangulation< 2, 2 >::cell_iterator &cell, const Point< 2 > &p, const Point< 2 > &initial_p_unit) const 
Point< 3 >  transform_real_to_unit_cell_internal (const Triangulation< 3, 3 >::cell_iterator &cell, const Point< 3 > &p, const Point< 3 > &initial_p_unit) const 
Point< 1 >  transform_real_to_unit_cell_internal (const Triangulation< 1, 2 >::cell_iterator &cell, const Point< 2 > &p, const Point< 1 > &initial_p_unit) const 
Point< 2 >  transform_real_to_unit_cell_internal (const Triangulation< 2, 3 >::cell_iterator &cell, const Point< 3 > &p, const Point< 2 > &initial_p_unit) const 
Point< 1 >  transform_real_to_unit_cell_internal (const Triangulation< 1, 3 >::cell_iterator &, const Point< 3 > &, const Point< 1 > &) const 
virtual void  add_line_support_points (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, std::vector< Point< spacedim > > &a) const 
virtual void  add_quad_support_points (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, std::vector< Point< spacedim > > &a) const 
void  add_quad_support_points (const Triangulation< 3, 3 >::cell_iterator &cell, std::vector< Point< 3 > > &a) const 
void  add_quad_support_points (const Triangulation< 2, 3 >::cell_iterator &cell, std::vector< Point< 3 > > &a) const 
Interface with FEValues and friends  
virtual UpdateFlags  requires_update_flags (const UpdateFlags update_flags) const override 
virtual std::unique_ptr< typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase >  get_data (const UpdateFlags, const Quadrature< dim > &quadrature) const override 
virtual std::unique_ptr< typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase >  get_face_data (const UpdateFlags flags, const hp::QCollection< dim  1 > &quadrature) const override 
virtual std::unique_ptr< typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase >  get_subface_data (const UpdateFlags flags, const Quadrature< dim  1 > &quadrature) const override 
virtual void  fill_fe_face_values (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const unsigned int face_no, const hp::QCollection< dim  1 > &quadrature, const typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase &internal_data, internal::FEValuesImplementation::MappingRelatedData< dim, spacedim > &output_data) const override 
virtual void  fill_fe_subface_values (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const unsigned int face_no, const unsigned int subface_no, const Quadrature< dim  1 > &quadrature, const typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase &internal_data, internal::FEValuesImplementation::MappingRelatedData< dim, spacedim > &output_data) const override 
virtual void  fill_fe_immersed_surface_values (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const NonMatching::ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature< dim > &quadrature, const typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase &internal_data, internal::FEValuesImplementation::MappingRelatedData< dim, spacedim > &output_data) const override 
Interface with FEValues  
virtual std::unique_ptr< InternalDataBase >  get_face_data (const UpdateFlags update_flags, const Quadrature< dim  1 > &quadrature) const 
virtual void  fill_fe_face_values (const typename Triangulation< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator &cell, const unsigned int face_no, const Quadrature< dim  1 > &quadrature, const typename Mapping< dim, spacedim >::InternalDataBase &internal_data, internal::FEValuesImplementation::MappingRelatedData< dim, spacedim > &output_data) const 
Protected Attributes  
SmartPointer< const VectorType, MappingQ1Eulerian< dim, VectorType, spacedim > >  euler_transform_vectors 
SmartPointer< const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >, MappingQ1Eulerian< dim, VectorType, spacedim > >  shiftmap_dof_handler 
const unsigned int  polynomial_degree 
const std::vector< Point< 1 > >  line_support_points 
const std::vector< Polynomials::Polynomial< double > >  polynomials_1d 
const std::vector< unsigned int >  renumber_lexicographic_to_hierarchic 
const std::vector< Point< dim > >  unit_cell_support_points 
const std::vector< Table< 2, double > >  support_point_weights_perimeter_to_interior 
const Table< 2, double >  support_point_weights_cell 
Private Types  
using  map_value_type = decltype(counter_map)::value_type 
using  map_iterator = decltype(counter_map)::iterator 
Private Member Functions  
void  check_no_subscribers () const noexcept 
Private Attributes  
std::atomic< unsigned int >  counter 
std::map< std::string, unsigned int >  counter_map 
std::vector< std::atomic< bool > * >  validity_pointers 
const std::type_info *  object_info 
Static Private Attributes  
static std::mutex  mutex 
This class provides a mapping that adds to the location of each cell a \(d\)linear displacement field. (The generalization to higher order polynomials is provided in the MappingQEulerian class.) Each cell is thus shifted in space by values given to the mapping through a finite element field.
The constructor of this class takes two arguments: a reference to the vector that defines the mapping from the reference configuration to the current configuration and a reference to the DoFHandler. The vector should then represent a (flattened out version of a) vector valued field defined at nodes defined by the DoFHandler, where the number of components of the vector field equals the number of space dimensions. Thus, the DoFHandler shall operate on a finite element that has as many components as space dimensions. As an additional requirement, we impose that it have as many degree of freedom per vertex as there are space dimensions; since this object only evaluates the finite element field at the vertices, the values of all other degrees of freedom (not associated to vertices) are ignored. These requirements are met if the finite element which the given DoFHandler operates on is constructed as a system element (FESystem) from dim
continuous FE_Q() objects.
In many cases, the shift vector will also be the solution vector of the problem under investigation. If this is not the case (i.e. the number of components of the solution variable is not equal to the space dimension, e.g. for scalar problems in dim>1
where the Eulerian coordinates only give a background field) or for coupled problems where more variables are computed than just the flow field), then a different DoFHandler has to be set up on the given triangulation, and the shift vector has then to be associated to it.
An example is shown below:
Note that since the vector of shift values and the dof handler are only associated to this object at construction time, you have to make sure that whenever you use this object, the given objects still represent valid data.
To enable the use of the MappingQ1Eulerian class also in the context of parallel codes using the PETSc or Trilinos wrapper classes, the type of the vector can be specified as template parameter VectorType
.
For more information about the spacedim
template parameter check the documentation of FiniteElement or the one of Triangulation.
Definition at line 94 of file mapping_q1_eulerian.h.

privateinherited 
The data type used in counter_map.
Definition at line 229 of file subscriptor.h.

privateinherited 
The iterator type used in counter_map.
Definition at line 234 of file subscriptor.h.
MappingQ1Eulerian< dim, VectorType, spacedim >::MappingQ1Eulerian  (  const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &  euler_dof_handler, 
const VectorType &  euler_vector  
) 
Constructor.
[in]  euler_dof_handler  A DoFHandler object that defines a finite element space. This space needs to have exactly dim components and these will be considered displacements relative to the original positions of the cells of the triangulation. This DoFHandler must be based on a FESystem(FE_Q(1),dim) finite element. 
[in]  euler_vector  A finite element function in the space defined by the first argument. The dim components of this function will be interpreted as the displacement we use in defining the mapping, relative to the location of cells of the underlying triangulation. 
Definition at line 40 of file mapping_q1_eulerian.cc.

overridevirtual 
Return the mapped vertices of the cell. For the current class, this function does not use the support points from the geometry of the current cell but instead evaluates an externally given displacement field in addition to the geometry of the cell.
Reimplemented from Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 53 of file mapping_q1_eulerian.cc.

overridevirtual 
Return a pointer to a copy of the present object. The caller of this copy then assumes ownership of it.
Reimplemented from MappingQ< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 122 of file mapping_q1_eulerian.cc.

overridevirtual 
Always returns false
because MappingQ1Eulerian does not in general preserve vertex locations (unless the translation vector happens to provide for zero displacements at vertex locations).
Reimplemented from MappingQ< dim, spacedim >.

overrideprotectedvirtual 
Compute mappingrelated information for a cell. See the documentation of Mapping::fill_fe_values() for a discussion of purpose, arguments, and return value of this function.
This function overrides the function in the base class since we cannot use any cell similarity for this class.
Reimplemented from MappingQ< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 131 of file mapping_q1_eulerian.cc.

overrideprotectedvirtual 
Compute the support points of the mapping. For the current class, these are the vertices, as obtained by calling Mapping::get_vertices(). See the documentation of MappingQ::compute_mapping_support_points() for more information.
Reimplemented from MappingQ< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 106 of file mapping_q1_eulerian.cc.
Return the degree of the mapping, i.e. the value which was passed to the constructor.
Definition at line 278 of file mapping_q.cc.

overridevirtualinherited 
Return the bounding box of a mapped cell.
If you are using a (bi,tri)linear mapping that preserves vertex locations, this function simply returns the value also produced by cell>bounding_box()
. However, there are also mappings that add displacements or choose completely different locations, e.g., MappingQEulerian, MappingQ1Eulerian, or MappingFEField.
For linear mappings, this function returns the bounding box containing all the vertices of the cell, as returned by the get_vertices() method. For higher order mappings defined through support points, the bounding box is only guaranteed to contain all the support points, and it is, in general, only an approximation of the true bounding box, which may be larger.
[in]  cell  The cell for which you want to compute the bounding box 
Reimplemented from Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 1835 of file mapping_q.cc.

overridevirtualinherited 
Returns if this instance of Mapping is compatible with the type of cell in reference_cell
.
Implements Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 1845 of file mapping_q.cc.

overridevirtualinherited 
Map the point p
on the unit cell to the corresponding point on the real cell cell
.
cell  Iterator to the cell that will be used to define the mapping. 
p  Location of a point on the reference cell. 
Implements Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 287 of file mapping_q.cc.

overridevirtualinherited 
Map the point p
on the real cell
to the corresponding point on the unit cell, and return its coordinates. This function provides the inverse of the mapping provided by transform_unit_to_real_cell().
In the codimension one case, this function returns the normal projection of the real point p
on the curve or surface identified by the cell
.
p
. If this is the case then this function throws an exception of type Mapping::ExcTransformationFailed . Whether the given point p
lies outside the cell can therefore be determined by checking whether the returned reference coordinates lie inside or outside the reference cell (e.g., using GeometryInfo::is_inside_unit_cell()) or whether the exception mentioned above has been thrown.cell  Iterator to the cell that will be used to define the mapping. 
p  Location of a point on the given cell. 
Implements Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 513 of file mapping_q.cc.

overridevirtualinherited 
Map multiple points from the real point locations to points in reference locations. The functionality is essentially the same as looping over all points and calling the Mapping::transform_real_to_unit_cell() function for each point individually, but it can be much faster for certain mappings that implement a more specialized version such as MappingQ. The only difference in behavior is that this function will never throw an ExcTransformationFailed() exception. If the transformation fails for real_points[i]
, the returned unit_points[i]
contains std::numeric_limits<double>::infinity() as the first entry.
Reimplemented from Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 633 of file mapping_q.cc.

overridevirtualinherited 
Transform a field of vectors or 1differential forms according to the selected MappingKind.
mapping_bdm
, mapping_nedelec
, etc. This alias should be preferred to using the kinds below.The mapping kinds currently implemented by derived classes are:
mapping_contravariant:
maps a vector field on the reference cell to the physical cell through the Jacobian:
\[ \mathbf u(\mathbf x) = J(\hat{\mathbf x})\hat{\mathbf u}(\hat{\mathbf x}). \]
In physics, this is usually referred to as the contravariant transformation. Mathematically, it is the push forward of a vector field.
mapping_covariant:
maps a field of oneforms on the reference cell to a field of oneforms on the physical cell. (Theoretically this would refer to a DerivativeForm<1,dim,1> but we canonically identify this type with a Tensor<1,dim>). Mathematically, it is the pull back of the differential form
\[ \mathbf u(\mathbf x) = J(\hat{\mathbf x})(J(\hat{\mathbf x})^{T} J(\hat{\mathbf x}))^{1}\hat{\mathbf u}(\hat{\mathbf x}). \]
Gradients of scalar differentiable functions are transformed this way.
In the case when dim=spacedim the previous formula reduces to
\[ \mathbf u(\mathbf x) = J(\hat{\mathbf x})^{T}\hat{\mathbf u}(\hat{\mathbf x}) \]
because we assume that the mapping \(\mathbf F_K\) is always invertible, and consequently its Jacobian \(J\) is an invertible matrix.
mapping_piola:
A field of dim1forms on the reference cell is also represented by a vector field, but again transforms differently, namely by the Piola transform \[ \mathbf u(\mathbf x) = \frac{1}{\text{det}\;J(\hat{\mathbf x})} J(\hat{\mathbf x}) \hat{\mathbf u}(\hat{\mathbf x}). \]
[in]  input  An array (or part of an array) of input objects that should be mapped. 
[in]  kind  The kind of mapping to be applied. 
[in]  internal  A pointer to an object of type Mapping::InternalDataBase that contains information previously stored by the mapping. The object pointed to was created by the get_data(), get_face_data(), or get_subface_data() function, and will have been updated as part of a call to fill_fe_values(), fill_fe_face_values(), or fill_fe_subface_values() for the current cell, before calling the current function. In other words, this object also represents with respect to which cell the transformation should be applied to. 
[out]  output  An array (or part of an array) into which the transformed objects should be placed. (Note that the array view is const , but the tensors it points to are not.) 
Implements Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 1418 of file mapping_q.cc.

overridevirtualinherited 
Transform a field of differential forms from the reference cell to the physical cell. It is useful to think of \(\mathbf{T} = \nabla \mathbf u\) and \(\hat{\mathbf T} = \hat \nabla \hat{\mathbf u}\), with \(\mathbf u\) a vector field. The mapping kinds currently implemented by derived classes are:
mapping_covariant:
maps a field of forms on the reference cell to a field of forms on the physical cell. Mathematically, it is the pull back of the differential form
\[ \mathbf T(\mathbf x) = \hat{\mathbf T}(\hat{\mathbf x}) J(\hat{\mathbf x})(J(\hat{\mathbf x})^{T} J(\hat{\mathbf x}))^{1}. \]
Jacobians of spacedimvector valued differentiable functions are transformed this way.
In the case when dim=spacedim the previous formula reduces to
\[ \mathbf T(\mathbf x) = \hat{\mathbf u}(\hat{\mathbf x}) J(\hat{\mathbf x})^{1}. \]
DerivativeForm<1, dim, rank>
. Unfortunately C++ does not allow templatized virtual functions. This is why we identify DerivativeForm<1, dim, 1>
with a Tensor<1,dim>
when using mapping_covariant() in the function transform() above this one.[in]  input  An array (or part of an array) of input objects that should be mapped. 
[in]  kind  The kind of mapping to be applied. 
[in]  internal  A pointer to an object of type Mapping::InternalDataBase that contains information previously stored by the mapping. The object pointed to was created by the get_data(), get_face_data(), or get_subface_data() function, and will have been updated as part of a call to fill_fe_values(), fill_fe_face_values(), or fill_fe_subface_values() for the current cell, before calling the current function. In other words, this object also represents with respect to which cell the transformation should be applied to. 
[out]  output  An array (or part of an array) into which the transformed objects should be placed. (Note that the array view is const , but the tensors it points to are not.) 
Implements Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 1434 of file mapping_q.cc.

overridevirtualinherited 
Transform a tensor field from the reference cell to the physical cell. These tensors are usually the Jacobians in the reference cell of vector fields that have been pulled back from the physical cell. The mapping kinds currently implemented by derived classes are:
mapping_contravariant_gradient:
it assumes \(\mathbf u(\mathbf x)
= J \hat{\mathbf u}\) so that \[ \mathbf T(\mathbf x) = J(\hat{\mathbf x}) \hat{\mathbf T}(\hat{\mathbf x}) J(\hat{\mathbf x})^{1}. \]
mapping_covariant_gradient:
it assumes \(\mathbf u(\mathbf x) =
J^{T} \hat{\mathbf u}\) so that \[ \mathbf T(\mathbf x) = J(\hat{\mathbf x})^{T} \hat{\mathbf T}(\hat{\mathbf x}) J(\hat{\mathbf x})^{1}. \]
mapping_piola_gradient:
it assumes \(\mathbf u(\mathbf x) =
\frac{1}{\text{det}\;J(\hat{\mathbf x})} J(\hat{\mathbf x}) \hat{\mathbf
u}(\hat{\mathbf x})\) so that \[ \mathbf T(\mathbf x) = \frac{1}{\text{det}\;J(\hat{\mathbf x})} J(\hat{\mathbf x}) \hat{\mathbf T}(\hat{\mathbf x}) J(\hat{\mathbf x})^{1}. \]
[in]  input  An array (or part of an array) of input objects that should be mapped. 
[in]  kind  The kind of mapping to be applied. 
[in]  internal  A pointer to an object of type Mapping::InternalDataBase that contains information previously stored by the mapping. The object pointed to was created by the get_data(), get_face_data(), or get_subface_data() function, and will have been updated as part of a call to fill_fe_values(), fill_fe_face_values(), or fill_fe_subface_values() for the current cell, before calling the current function. In other words, this object also represents with respect to which cell the transformation should be applied to. 
[out]  output  An array (or part of an array) into which the transformed objects should be placed. (Note that the array view is const , but the tensors it points to are not.) 
Implements Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 1450 of file mapping_q.cc.

overridevirtualinherited 
Transform a tensor field from the reference cell to the physical cell. This tensors are most of times the hessians in the reference cell of vector fields that have been pulled back from the physical cell.
The mapping kinds currently implemented by derived classes are:
mapping_covariant_gradient:
maps a field of forms on the reference cell to a field of forms on the physical cell. Mathematically, it is the pull back of the differential form
\[ \mathbf T_{ijk}(\mathbf x) = \hat{\mathbf T}_{iJK}(\hat{\mathbf x}) J_{jJ}^{\dagger} J_{kK}^{\dagger}\]
,
where
\[ J^{\dagger} = J(\hat{\mathbf x})(J(\hat{\mathbf x})^{T} J(\hat{\mathbf x}))^{1}. \]
Hessians of spacedimvector valued differentiable functions are transformed this way (After subtraction of the product of the derivative with the Jacobian gradient).
In the case when dim=spacedim the previous formula reduces to
\[J^{\dagger} = J^{1}\]
[in]  input  An array (or part of an array) of input objects that should be mapped. 
[in]  kind  The kind of mapping to be applied. 
[in]  internal  A pointer to an object of type Mapping::InternalDataBase that contains information previously stored by the mapping. The object pointed to was created by the get_data(), get_face_data(), or get_subface_data() function, and will have been updated as part of a call to fill_fe_values(), fill_fe_face_values(), or fill_fe_subface_values() for the current cell, before calling the current function. In other words, this object also represents with respect to which cell the transformation should be applied to. 
[out]  output  An array (or part of an array) into which the transformed objects should be placed. (Note that the array view is const , but the tensors it points to are not.) 
Implements Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 1482 of file mapping_q.cc.

overridevirtualinherited 
Transform a field of 3differential forms from the reference cell to the physical cell. It is useful to think of \(\mathbf{T}_{ijk} = D^2_{jk} \mathbf u_i\) and \(\mathbf{\hat T}_{IJK} = \hat D^2_{JK} \mathbf{\hat u}_I\), with \(\mathbf u_i\) a vector field.
The mapping kinds currently implemented by derived classes are:
mapping_contravariant_hessian:
it assumes \(\mathbf u_i(\mathbf x)
= J_{iI} \hat{\mathbf u}_I\) so that \[ \mathbf T_{ijk}(\mathbf x) = J_{iI}(\hat{\mathbf x}) \hat{\mathbf T}_{IJK}(\hat{\mathbf x}) J_{jJ}(\hat{\mathbf x})^{1} J_{kK}(\hat{\mathbf x})^{1}. \]
mapping_covariant_hessian:
it assumes \(\mathbf u_i(\mathbf x) =
J_{iI}^{T} \hat{\mathbf u}_I\) so that \[ \mathbf T_{ijk}(\mathbf x) = J_iI(\hat{\mathbf x})^{1} \hat{\mathbf T}_{IJK}(\hat{\mathbf x}) J_{jJ}(\hat{\mathbf x})^{1} J_{kK}(\hat{\mathbf x})^{1}. \]
mapping_piola_hessian:
it assumes \(\mathbf u_i(\mathbf x) =
\frac{1}{\text{det}\;J(\hat{\mathbf x})} J_{iI}(\hat{\mathbf x})
\hat{\mathbf u}(\hat{\mathbf x})\) so that \[ \mathbf T_{ijk}(\mathbf x) = \frac{1}{\text{det}\;J(\hat{\mathbf x})} J_{iI}(\hat{\mathbf x}) \hat{\mathbf T}_{IJK}(\hat{\mathbf x}) J_{jJ}(\hat{\mathbf x})^{1} J_{kK}(\hat{\mathbf x})^{1}. \]
[in]  input  An array (or part of an array) of input objects that should be mapped. 
[in]  kind  The kind of mapping to be applied. 
[in]  internal  A pointer to an object of type Mapping::InternalDataBase that contains information previously stored by the mapping. The object pointed to was created by the get_data(), get_face_data(), or get_subface_data() function, and will have been updated as part of a call to fill_fe_values(), fill_fe_face_values(), or fill_fe_subface_values() for the current cell, before calling the current function. In other words, this object also represents with respect to which cell the transformation should be applied to. 
[out]  output  An array (or part of an array) into which the transformed objects should be placed. 
Implements Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 1534 of file mapping_q.cc.

inherited 
As opposed to the other fill_fe_values() and fill_fe_face_values() functions that rely on precomputed information of InternalDataBase, this function chooses the flexible evaluation path on the cell and points passed in to the current function.
[in]  cell  The cell where to evaluate the mapping 
[in]  unit_points  The points in reference coordinates where the transformation (Jacobians, positions) should be computed. 
[in]  update_flags  The kind of information that should be computed. 
[out]  output_data  A struct containing the evaluated quantities such as the Jacobian resulting from application of the mapping on the given cell with its underlying manifolds. 
Definition at line 1326 of file mapping_q.cc.

inherited 
As opposed to the fill_fe_face_values() function that relies on precomputed information of InternalDataBase, this function chooses the flexible evaluation path on the cell and points passed in to the current function.
[in]  cell  The cell where to evaluate the mapping. 
[in]  face_number  The face number where to evaluate the mapping. 
[in]  face_quadrature  The quadrature points where the transformation (Jacobians, positions) should be computed. 
[in]  internal_data  A reference to an object previously created that may be used to store information the mapping can compute once on the reference cell. See the documentation of the Mapping::InternalDataBase class for an extensive description of the purpose of these objects. 
[out]  output_data  A struct containing the evaluated quantities such as the Jacobian resulting from application of the mapping on the given cell with its underlying manifolds. 
Definition at line 1374 of file mapping_q.cc.

overrideprotectedvirtualinherited 
Given a set of update flags, compute which other quantities also need to be computed in order to satisfy the request by the given flags. Then return the combination of the original set of flags and those just computed.
As an example, if update_flags
contains update_JxW_values (i.e., the product of the determinant of the Jacobian and the weights provided by the quadrature formula), a mapping may require the computation of the full Jacobian matrix in order to compute its determinant. They would then return not just update_JxW_values, but also update_jacobians. (This is not how it is actually done internally in the derived classes that compute the JxW values – they set update_contravariant_transformation instead, from which the determinant can also be computed – but this does not take away from the instructiveness of the example.)
An extensive discussion of the interaction between this function and FEValues can be found in the How Mapping, FiniteElement, and FEValues work together documentation module.
Implements Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 725 of file mapping_q.cc.

overrideprotectedvirtualinherited 
Create and return a pointer to an object into which mappings can store data that only needs to be computed once but that can then be used whenever the mapping is applied to a concrete cell (e.g., in the various transform() functions, as well as in the fill_fe_values(), fill_fe_face_values() and fill_fe_subface_values() that form the interface of mappings with the FEValues class).
Derived classes will return pointers to objects of a type derived from Mapping::InternalDataBase (see there for more information) and may precompute some information already (in accordance with what will be asked of the mapping in the future, as specified by the update flags) and for the given quadrature object. Subsequent calls to transform() or fill_fe_values() and friends will then receive back the object created here (with the same set of update flags and for the same quadrature object). Derived classes can therefore precompute some information in their get_data() function and store it in the internal data object.
The mapping classes do not keep track of the objects created by this function. Ownership will therefore rest with the caller.
An extensive discussion of the interaction between this function and FEValues can be found in the How Mapping, FiniteElement, and FEValues work together documentation module.
update_flags  A set of flags that define what is expected of the mapping class in future calls to transform() or the fill_fe_values() group of functions. This set of flags may contain flags that mappings do not know how to deal with (e.g., for information that is in fact computed by the finite element classes, such as UpdateFlags::update_values). Derived classes will need to store these flags, or at least that subset of flags that will require the mapping to perform any actions in fill_fe_values(), in InternalDataBase::update_each. 
quadrature  The quadrature object for which mapping information will have to be computed. This includes the locations and weights of quadrature points. 
Implements Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 781 of file mapping_q.cc.

overrideprotectedvirtualinherited 
Like get_data(), but in preparation for later calls to transform() or fill_fe_face_values() that will need information about mappings from the reference face to a face of a concrete cell.
update_flags  A set of flags that define what is expected of the mapping class in future calls to transform() or the fill_fe_values() group of functions. This set of flags may contain flags that mappings do not know how to deal with (e.g., for information that is in fact computed by the finite element classes, such as UpdateFlags::update_values). Derived classes will need to store these flags, or at least that subset of flags that will require the mapping to perform any actions in fill_fe_values(), in InternalDataBase::update_each. 
quadrature  The quadrature object for which mapping information will have to be computed. This includes the locations and weights of quadrature points. 
Reimplemented from Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 794 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedvirtualinherited 

overrideprotectedvirtualinherited 
Like get_data() and get_face_data(), but in preparation for later calls to transform() or fill_fe_subface_values() that will need information about mappings from the reference face to a child of a face (i.e., subface) of a concrete cell.
update_flags  A set of flags that define what is expected of the mapping class in future calls to transform() or the fill_fe_values() group of functions. This set of flags may contain flags that mappings do not know how to deal with (e.g., for information that is in fact computed by the finite element classes, such as UpdateFlags::update_values). Derived classes will need to store these flags, or at least that subset of flags that will require the mapping to perform any actions in fill_fe_values(), in InternalDataBase::update_each. 
quadrature  The quadrature object for which mapping information will have to be computed. This includes the locations and weights of quadrature points. 
Implements Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 815 of file mapping_q.cc.

overrideprotectedvirtualinherited 
This function is the equivalent to Mapping::fill_fe_values(), but for faces of cells. See there for an extensive discussion of its purpose. It is called by FEFaceValues::reinit().
[in]  cell  The cell of the triangulation for which this function is to compute a mapping from the reference cell to. 
[in]  face_no  The number of the face of the given cell for which information is requested. 
[in]  quadrature  A reference to the quadrature formula in use for the current evaluation. This quadrature object is the same as the one used when creating the internal_data object. The object is used both to map the location of quadrature points, as well as to compute the JxW values for each quadrature point (which involves the quadrature weights). 
[in]  internal_data  A reference to an object previously created by get_data() and that may be used to store information the mapping can compute once on the reference cell. See the documentation of the Mapping::InternalDataBase class for an extensive description of the purpose of these objects. 
[out]  output_data  A reference to an object whose member variables should be computed. Not all of the members of this argument need to be filled; which ones need to be filled is determined by the update flags stored inside the internal_data object. 
Reimplemented from Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 1062 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedvirtualinherited 

overrideprotectedvirtualinherited 
This function is the equivalent to Mapping::fill_fe_values(), but for subfaces (i.e., children of faces) of cells. See there for an extensive discussion of its purpose. It is called by FESubfaceValues::reinit().
[in]  cell  The cell of the triangulation for which this function is to compute a mapping from the reference cell to. 
[in]  face_no  The number of the face of the given cell for which information is requested. 
[in]  subface_no  The number of the child of a face of the given cell for which information is requested. 
[in]  quadrature  A reference to the quadrature formula in use for the current evaluation. This quadrature object is the same as the one used when creating the internal_data object. The object is used both to map the location of quadrature points, as well as to compute the JxW values for each quadrature point (which involves the quadrature weights). 
[in]  internal_data  A reference to an object previously created by get_data() and that may be used to store information the mapping can compute once on the reference cell. See the documentation of the Mapping::InternalDataBase class for an extensive description of the purpose of these objects. 
[out]  output_data  A reference to an object whose member variables should be computed. Not all of the members of this argument need to be filled; which ones need to be filled is determined by the update flags stored inside the internal_data object. 
Implements Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 1125 of file mapping_q.cc.

overrideprotectedvirtualinherited 
The equivalent of Mapping::fill_fe_values(), but for the case that the quadrature is an ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature. See there for a comprehensive description of the input parameters. This function is called by FEImmersedSurfaceValues::reinit().
Reimplemented from Mapping< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 1187 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedinherited 
Transform the point p
on the real cell to the corresponding point on the unit cell cell
by a Newton iteration.
Definition at line 328 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedinherited 
Definition at line 342 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedinherited 
Definition at line 374 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedinherited 
Definition at line 404 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedinherited 
Definition at line 434 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedinherited 
Definition at line 467 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedinherited 
Definition at line 500 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedvirtualinherited 
Append the support points of all shape functions located on bounding lines of the given cell to the vector a
. Points located on the vertices of a line are not included.
This function uses the underlying manifold object of the line (or, if none is set, of the cell) for the location of the requested points. This function is usually called by compute_mapping_support_points() function.
This function is made virtual in order to allow derived classes to choose shape function support points differently than the present class, which chooses the points as interpolation points on the boundary.
Reimplemented in MappingC1< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 1559 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedvirtualinherited 
Append the support points of all shape functions located on bounding faces (quads in 3d) of the given cell to the vector a
. This function is only defined for dim=3
. Points located on the vertices or lines of a quad are not included.
This function uses the underlying manifold object of the quad (or, if none is set, of the cell) for the location of the requested points. This function is usually called by compute_mapping_support_points().
This function is made virtual in order to allow derived classes to choose shape function support points differently than the present class, which chooses the points as interpolation points on the boundary.
Reimplemented in MappingC1< dim, spacedim >.
Definition at line 1725 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedinherited 
Definition at line 1626 of file mapping_q.cc.

protectedinherited 
Definition at line 1695 of file mapping_q.cc.

inherited 
Return the mapped vertices of a face.
Same as above but working on a given face of a cell.
[in]  cell  The cell containing the face. 
[in]  face_no  The number of the face within the cell. 

virtualinherited 
Return one of two possible mapped centers of a cell.
If you are using a (bi,tri)linear mapping that preserves vertex locations, this function simply returns the value also produced by cell>center()
. However, there are also mappings that add displacements or choose completely different locations, e.g., MappingQEulerian, MappingQ1Eulerian, or MappingFEField, and mappings based on high order polynomials, for which the center may not coincide with the average of the vertex locations.
By default, this function returns the push forward of the barycenter of the reference cell. If the parameter map_barycenter_of_reference_cell
is set to false, then the returned value will be the average of the vertex locations, as returned by the get_vertices() method.
[in]  cell  The cell for which you want to compute the center 
[in]  map_barycenter_of_reference_cell  A flag that switches the algorithm for the computation of the cell center from transform_unit_to_real_cell() applied to the center of the reference cell to computing the vertex averages. 

inherited 
Transform the point p
on the real cell
to the corresponding point on the reference cell, and then project this point to a (dim1)dimensional point in the coordinate system of the face with the given face number face_no
. Ideally the point p
is near the face face_no
, but any point in the cell can technically be projected.
This function does not make physical sense when dim=1, so it throws an exception in this case.

inherited 
Subscribes a user of the object by storing the pointer validity
. The subscriber may be identified by text supplied as identifier
.
Definition at line 135 of file subscriptor.cc.

inherited 
Unsubscribes a user from the object.
identifier
and the validity
pointer must be the same as the one supplied to subscribe(). Definition at line 155 of file subscriptor.cc.

inlineinherited 
Return the present number of subscriptions to this object. This allows to use this class for reference counted lifetime determination where the last one to unsubscribe also deletes the object.
Definition at line 300 of file subscriptor.h.

inlineinherited 
List the subscribers to the input stream
.
Definition at line 317 of file subscriptor.h.

inherited 
List the subscribers to deallog
.
Definition at line 203 of file subscriptor.cc.

inlineinherited 
Read or write the data of this object to or from a stream for the purpose of serialization using the BOOST serialization library.
This function does not actually serialize any of the member variables of this class. The reason is that what this class stores is only who subscribes to this object, but who does so at the time of storing the contents of this object does not necessarily have anything to do with who subscribes to the object when it is restored. Consequently, we do not want to overwrite the subscribers at the time of restoring, and then there is no reason to write the subscribers out in the first place.
Definition at line 309 of file subscriptor.h.

privatenoexceptinherited 
Check that there are no objects subscribing to this object. If this check passes then it is safe to destroy the current object. It this check fails then this function will either abort or print an error message to deallog (by using the AssertNothrow mechanism), but will not throw an exception.
Definition at line 52 of file subscriptor.cc.

protected 
Reference to the vector of shifts.
Definition at line 180 of file mapping_q1_eulerian.h.

protected 
Pointer to the DoFHandler to which the mapping vector is associated.
Definition at line 187 of file mapping_q1_eulerian.h.
The degree of the polynomials used as shape functions for the mapping of cells.
Definition at line 524 of file mapping_q.h.
Definition at line 534 of file mapping_q.h.

protectedinherited 
Definition at line 541 of file mapping_q.h.

protectedinherited 
Definition at line 548 of file mapping_q.h.

protectedinherited 
Definition at line 560 of file mapping_q.h.

protectedinherited 
A vector of tables of weights by which we multiply the locations of the support points on the perimeter of an object (line, quad, hex) to get the location of interior support points.
Access into this table is by [structdim1], i.e., use 0 to access the support point weights on a line (i.e., the interior points of the GaussLobatto quadrature), use 1 to access the support point weights from to perimeter to the interior of a quad, and use 2 to access the support point weights from the perimeter to the interior of a hex.
The table itself contains as many columns as there are surrounding points to a particular object (2 for a line, 4 + 4*(degree1)
for a quad, 8 + 12*(degree1) + 6*(degree1)*(degree1)
for a hex) and as many rows as there are strictly interior points.
For the definition of this table see equation (8) of the ‘mapping’ report.
Definition at line 582 of file mapping_q.h.
A table of weights by which we multiply the locations of the vertex points of the cell to get the location of all additional support points, both on lines, quads, and hexes (as appropriate). This data structure is used when we fill all support points at once, which is the case if the same manifold is attached to all subentities of a cell. This way, we can avoid some of the overhead in transforming data for mappings.
The table has as many rows as there are vertices to the cell (2 in 1d, 4 in 2d, 8 in 3d), and as many rows as there are additional support points in the mapping, i.e., (degree+1)^dim  2^dim
.
Definition at line 596 of file mapping_q.h.

mutableprivateinherited 
Store the number of objects which subscribed to this object. Initially, this number is zero, and upon destruction it shall be zero again (i.e. all objects which subscribed should have unsubscribed again).
The creator (and owner) of an object is counted in the map below if HE manages to supply identification.
We use the mutable
keyword in order to allow subscription to constant objects also.
This counter may be read from and written to concurrently in multithreaded code: hence we use the std::atomic
class template.
Definition at line 218 of file subscriptor.h.

mutableprivateinherited 
In this map, we count subscriptions for each different identification string supplied to subscribe().
Definition at line 224 of file subscriptor.h.

mutableprivateinherited 
In this vector, we store pointers to the validity bool in the SmartPointer objects that subscribe to this class.
Definition at line 240 of file subscriptor.h.

mutableprivateinherited 
Pointer to the typeinfo object of this object, from which we can later deduce the class name. Since this information on the derived class is neither available in the destructor, nor in the constructor, we obtain it in between and store it here.
Definition at line 248 of file subscriptor.h.

staticprivateinherited 
A mutex used to ensure data consistency when accessing the mutable
members of this class. This lock is used in the subscribe() and unsubscribe() functions, as well as in list_subscribers()
.
Definition at line 271 of file subscriptor.h.