Reference documentation for deal.II version 9.4.0
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Public Types | Public Member Functions | Protected Attributes | List of all members
NonMatching::ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature< dim, spacedim > Class Template Reference

#include <deal.II/non_matching/immersed_surface_quadrature.h>

Inheritance diagram for NonMatching::ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature< dim, spacedim >:
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Public Types

using SubQuadrature = Quadrature< dim==0 ? 0 :dim - 1 >
 

Public Member Functions

 ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature ()=default
 
 ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature (const std::vector< Point< dim > > &points, const std::vector< double > &weights, const std::vector< Tensor< 1, spacedim > > &normals)
 
void push_back (const Point< dim > &point, const double weight, const Tensor< 1, spacedim > &normal)
 
const Tensor< 1, spacedim > & normal_vector (const unsigned int i) const
 
const std::vector< Tensor< 1, spacedim > > & get_normal_vectors () const
 
bool operator== (const Quadrature< dim > &p) const
 
void initialize (const std::vector< Point< dim > > &points, const std::vector< double > &weights)
 
unsigned int size () const
 
const Point< dim > & point (const unsigned int i) const
 
const std::vector< Point< dim > > & get_points () const
 
double weight (const unsigned int i) const
 
const std::vector< double > & get_weights () const
 
std::size_t memory_consumption () const
 
template<class Archive >
void serialize (Archive &ar, const unsigned int version)
 
bool is_tensor_product () const
 
const std::array< Quadrature< 1 >, dim > & get_tensor_basis () const
 

Protected Attributes

std::vector< Tensor< 1, spacedim > > normals
 
std::vector< Point< dim > > quadrature_points
 
std::vector< double > weights
 
bool is_tensor_product_flag
 
std::unique_ptr< std::array< Quadrature< 1 >, dim > > tensor_basis
 

Subscriptor functionality

Classes derived from Subscriptor provide a facility to subscribe to this object. This is mostly used by the SmartPointer class.

void subscribe (std::atomic< bool > *const validity, const std::string &identifier="") const
 
void unsubscribe (std::atomic< bool > *const validity, const std::string &identifier="") const
 
unsigned int n_subscriptions () const
 
template<typename StreamType >
void list_subscribers (StreamType &stream) const
 
void list_subscribers () const
 
using map_value_type = decltype(counter_map)::value_type
 
using map_iterator = decltype(counter_map)::iterator
 
std::atomic< unsigned intcounter
 
std::map< std::string, unsigned intcounter_map
 
std::vector< std::atomic< bool > * > validity_pointers
 
const std::type_info * object_info
 
static std::mutex mutex
 
static ::ExceptionBaseExcInUse (int arg1, std::string arg2, std::string arg3)
 
static ::ExceptionBaseExcNoSubscriber (std::string arg1, std::string arg2)
 
void check_no_subscribers () const noexcept
 

Detailed Description

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
class NonMatching::ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature< dim, spacedim >

This class defines a quadrature formula to integrate over the intersection between an oriented surface, \(\hat{S}\), and a cell or face. The word "immersed" in the class name reflects that the surface may intersect the cell/face in an arbitrary way.

The spacedim template parameter of this class is the dimension that the (spacedim-1)-dimensional surface is embedded in: \(\hat{S} \subset \mathbb{R}^{\text{spacedim}}\). The dim parameter describes the dimension of the "object" that the surface intersects. That is, dim = spacedim corresponds to the surface intersecting a cell and dim = spacedim - 1 corresponds to the surface intersecting a face. The quadrature formula is described by a set of quadrature points, \(\hat{x}_q \in \mathbb{R}^{\text{dim}}\), weights, \(w_q\), and normalized surface normals, \(\hat{n}_q \in \mathbb{R}^{\text{spacedim}}\).

Consider first the case dim = spacedim. We typically want to compute integrals in real space. A surface, \(S\), intersecting a cell, \(K\), in real space can be mapped onto a surface, \(\hat{S}\), intersecting the unit cell, \(\hat{K}\). Thus an integral over \(S\cap K\) in real space can be transformed to an integral over \(\hat{S} \cap \hat{K}\) according to

\[ \int_{S\cap K} f dS = \int_{S\cap K} f |d\bar{S}| = \int_{\hat{S}\cap\hat{K}} f \circ F_{K} \det(J) |\left( J^{-1} \right )^T d\hat{S}|, \]

where \(F_K\) is the mapping from reference to real space and \(J\) is its Jacobian matrix. This transformation is possible since the continuous surface elements are vectors: \(d\bar{S}, d\hat{S} \in \mathbb{R}^{spacedim}\), which are parallel to the normals of \(S\) and \(\hat{S}\). That is, the normal is needed to do the transformation. Thus, in addition to storing points and weights, this quadrature stores also the normalized normal for each quadrature point. This can be viewed as storing a discrete surface element,

\[ \Delta \hat{S}_q \dealcoloneq w_q \hat{n}_q \approx d\hat{S}(\hat{x}_q), \]

for each quadrature point. The surface integral in real space would then be approximated as

\[ \int_{S\cap K} f dS \approx \sum_{q} f \left(F_{K}(\hat{x}_{q}) \right) \det(J_q) |\left( J_q^{-1} \right)^T \hat{n}_q| w_q. \]

When dim = spacedim - 1, this class represents a (spacedim-2)-dimensional integral. That is, if spacedim = 3 we have a line integral immersed in a face. Here, the transformation between the face, \(F\), and reference face, \(\hat{F}\), reads

\[ \int_{S\cap F} f dr = \int_{S\cap F} f |d\bar{r}| = \int_{\hat{S}\cap\hat{F}} f \circ F_{K} | J d\hat{r}| \approx \sum_{q} f \left(F_{K}(\hat{x}_{q}) \right) |J_q \hat{t}_q| w_q, \]

where \(\hat{t}_q = \hat{n}_q \times \hat{n}_F\) is the tangent to the curve at \(\hat{x}_q\) and \(\hat{n}_F\) is the face normal. It would be possible to compute the tangent by only knowing the normal to the curve in the face plane (i.e. the dim-dimensional normal). However, when these quadratures are used, the weak form typically involves the so-called conormal, which can not be computed without knowing the surface normal in \(\mathbb{R}^{\text{spacedim}}\). The conormal is the unit vector parallel to the projection of the face normal into the surface plane. This is essentially the same thing as the normalized boundary form.

Definition at line 101 of file immersed_surface_quadrature.h.

Member Typedef Documentation

◆ SubQuadrature

template<int dim>
using Quadrature< dim >::SubQuadrature = Quadrature<dim == 0 ? 0 : dim - 1>
inherited

Define an alias for a quadrature that acts on an object of one dimension less. For cells, this would then be a face quadrature. A sub quadrature of a 0-dimensional quadrature is defined as still being 0-dimensional.

Definition at line 94 of file quadrature.h.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

◆ ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature() [1/2]

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
NonMatching::ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature< dim, spacedim >::ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature ( )
default

Default constructor to initialize the quadrature with no quadrature points.

◆ ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature() [2/2]

template<int dim, int spacedim>
NonMatching::ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature< dim, spacedim >::ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature ( const std::vector< Point< dim > > &  points,
const std::vector< double > &  weights,
const std::vector< Tensor< 1, spacedim > > &  normals 
)

Construct a quadrature formula from vectors of points, weights and surface normals. The points, weights and normals should be with respect to reference space, and the normals should be normalized.

Definition at line 22 of file immersed_surface_quadrature.cc.

Member Function Documentation

◆ push_back()

template<int dim, int spacedim>
void NonMatching::ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature< dim, spacedim >::push_back ( const Point< dim > &  point,
const double  weight,
const Tensor< 1, spacedim > &  normal 
)

Extend the given formula by an additional quadrature point. The point, weight and normal should be with respect to reference space, and the normal should be normalized.

This function exists since immersed quadrature rules can be rather complicated to construct. Often the construction is done by partitioning the cell into regions and constructing points on each region separately. This can make it cumbersome to create the quadrature from the constructor since all quadrature points have to be known at time of creation of the object.

Note
This function should only be used during construction of the quadrature formula.

Definition at line 43 of file immersed_surface_quadrature.cc.

◆ normal_vector()

template<int dim, int spacedim>
const Tensor< 1, spacedim > & NonMatching::ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature< dim, spacedim >::normal_vector ( const unsigned int  i) const

Return a reference to the ith surface normal.

Definition at line 59 of file immersed_surface_quadrature.cc.

◆ get_normal_vectors()

template<int dim, int spacedim>
const std::vector< Tensor< 1, spacedim > > & NonMatching::ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature< dim, spacedim >::get_normal_vectors

Return a reference to the whole vector of normals.

Definition at line 70 of file immersed_surface_quadrature.cc.

◆ operator==()

template<int dim>
bool Quadrature< dim >::operator== ( const Quadrature< dim > &  p) const
inherited

Test for equality of two quadratures.

Definition at line 304 of file quadrature.cc.

◆ initialize()

template<int dim>
void Quadrature< dim >::initialize ( const std::vector< Point< dim > > &  points,
const std::vector< double > &  weights 
)
inherited

Set the quadrature points and weights to the values provided in the arguments.

Definition at line 52 of file quadrature.cc.

◆ size()

template<int dim>
unsigned int Quadrature< dim >::size ( ) const
inherited

Number of quadrature points.

◆ point()

template<int dim>
const Point< dim > & Quadrature< dim >::point ( const unsigned int  i) const
inherited

Return the ith quadrature point.

◆ get_points()

template<int dim>
const std::vector< Point< dim > > & Quadrature< dim >::get_points ( ) const
inherited

Return a reference to the whole array of quadrature points.

◆ weight()

template<int dim>
double Quadrature< dim >::weight ( const unsigned int  i) const
inherited

Return the weight of the ith quadrature point.

◆ get_weights()

template<int dim>
const std::vector< double > & Quadrature< dim >::get_weights ( ) const
inherited

Return a reference to the whole array of weights.

◆ memory_consumption()

template<int dim>
std::size_t Quadrature< dim >::memory_consumption
inherited

Determine an estimate for the memory consumption (in bytes) of this object.

Definition at line 313 of file quadrature.cc.

◆ serialize()

template<int dim>
template<class Archive >
void Quadrature< dim >::serialize ( Archive &  ar,
const unsigned int  version 
)
inherited

Write or read the data of this object to or from a stream for the purpose of serialization using the BOOST serialization library.

◆ is_tensor_product()

template<int dim>
bool Quadrature< dim >::is_tensor_product ( ) const
inherited

This function returns true if the quadrature object is a tensor product of one-dimensional formulas and the quadrature points are sorted lexicographically.

◆ get_tensor_basis()

template<int dim>
std::conditional< dim==1, std::array< Quadrature< 1 >, dim >, conststd::array< Quadrature< 1 >, dim > & >::type Quadrature< dim >::get_tensor_basis
inherited

In case the quadrature formula is a tensor product, this function returns the dim one-dimensional basis objects. Otherwise, calling this function is not allowed.

For dim equal to one, we can not return the std::array as a const reference and have to return it by value. In this case, the array will always contain a single element (this).

Note
The actual return type of this function is
std::conditional<dim == 1,
std::array<Quadrature<1>, dim>,
const std::array<Quadrature<1>, dim> &>::type
The type is abbreviated in the online documentation to improve readability of this page.

Definition at line 325 of file quadrature.cc.

Member Data Documentation

◆ normals

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
std::vector<Tensor<1, spacedim> > NonMatching::ImmersedSurfaceQuadrature< dim, spacedim >::normals
protected

Vector of surface normals at each quadrature point.

Definition at line 155 of file immersed_surface_quadrature.h.

◆ quadrature_points

template<int dim>
std::vector<Point<dim> > Quadrature< dim >::quadrature_points
protectedinherited

List of quadrature points. To be filled by the constructors of derived classes.

Definition at line 290 of file quadrature.h.

◆ weights

template<int dim>
std::vector<double> Quadrature< dim >::weights
protectedinherited

List of weights of the quadrature points. To be filled by the constructors of derived classes.

Definition at line 296 of file quadrature.h.

◆ is_tensor_product_flag

template<int dim>
bool Quadrature< dim >::is_tensor_product_flag
protectedinherited

Indicates if this object represents quadrature formula that is a tensor product of one-dimensional formulas. This flag is set if dim==1 or the constructors taking a Quadrature<1> (and possibly a Quadrature<dim-1> object) is called. This implies that the quadrature points are sorted lexicographically.

Definition at line 305 of file quadrature.h.

◆ tensor_basis

template<int dim>
std::unique_ptr<std::array<Quadrature<1>, dim> > Quadrature< dim >::tensor_basis
protectedinherited

Stores the one-dimensional tensor basis objects in case this object can be represented by a tensor product.

Definition at line 311 of file quadrature.h.


The documentation for this class was generated from the following files: