Reference documentation for deal.II version Git 7f58f27 2017-09-20 15:35:49 -0600
Classes | Public Types | Public Member Functions | Static Public Attributes | List of all members
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > Class Template Reference

#include <deal.II/dofs/dof_handler.h>

Inheritance diagram for DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >:
[legend]

Classes

class  MGVertexDoFs
 

Public Types

typedef ActiveSelector::active_cell_iterator active_cell_iterator
 
typedef ActiveSelector::cell_iterator cell_iterator
 

Public Member Functions

 DoFHandler ()
 
 DoFHandler (const Triangulation< dim, spacedim > &tria)
 
 DoFHandler (const DoFHandler &)=delete
 
virtual ~DoFHandler ()
 
DoFHandleroperator= (const DoFHandler &)=delete
 
void initialize (const Triangulation< dim, spacedim > &tria, const FiniteElement< dim, spacedim > &fe)
 
virtual void distribute_dofs (const FiniteElement< dim, spacedim > &fe)
 
virtual void distribute_mg_dofs (const FiniteElement< dim, spacedim > &fe) 1
 
virtual void distribute_mg_dofs ()
 
bool has_level_dofs () const
 
bool has_active_dofs () const
 
void initialize_local_block_info ()
 
virtual void clear ()
 
void renumber_dofs (const std::vector< types::global_dof_index > &new_numbers)
 
void renumber_dofs (const unsigned int level, const std::vector< types::global_dof_index > &new_numbers)
 
unsigned int max_couplings_between_dofs () const
 
unsigned int max_couplings_between_boundary_dofs () const
 
Cell iterator functions
cell_iterator begin (const unsigned int level=0) const
 
active_cell_iterator begin_active (const unsigned int level=0) const
 
cell_iterator end () const
 
cell_iterator end (const unsigned int level) const
 
active_cell_iterator end_active (const unsigned int level) const
 
level_cell_iterator begin_mg (const unsigned int level=0) const
 
level_cell_iterator end_mg (const unsigned int level) const
 
level_cell_iterator end_mg () const
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from Subscriptor
 Subscriptor ()
 
 Subscriptor (const Subscriptor &)
 
 Subscriptor (Subscriptor &&)
 
virtual ~Subscriptor ()
 
Subscriptoroperator= (const Subscriptor &)
 
Subscriptoroperator= (Subscriptor &&)
 
void subscribe (const char *identifier=nullptr) const
 
void unsubscribe (const char *identifier=nullptr) const
 
unsigned int n_subscriptions () const
 
void list_subscribers () const
 
template<class Archive >
void serialize (Archive &ar, const unsigned int version)
 

Static Public Attributes

static const unsigned int dimension = dim
 
static const unsigned int space_dimension = spacedim
 
static const types::global_dof_index invalid_dof_index = numbers::invalid_dof_index
 
static const unsigned int default_fe_index = 0
 

Related Functions

(Note that these are not member functions.)

Functions to support code that generically uses both DoFHandler and hp::DoFHandler
template<int dim, int spacedim>
unsigned int max_dofs_per_cell (const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &dh) 1
 
template<int dim, int spacedim>
unsigned int max_dofs_per_face (const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &dh) 1
 
template<int dim, int spacedim>
unsigned int max_dofs_per_vertex (const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &dh) 1
 
template<int dim, int spacedim>
unsigned int n_components (const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &dh) 1
 
template<int dim, int spacedim>
bool fe_is_primitive (const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &dh) 1
 

Cell iterator functions returning ranges of iterators

BlockInfo block_info_object
 
SmartPointer< const Triangulation< dim, spacedim >, DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > > tria
 
std::unique_ptr< const hp::FECollection< dim, spacedim > > fe_collection
 
std::unique_ptr<::internal::DoFHandler::Policy::PolicyBase< dim, spacedim > > policy
 
::internal::DoFHandler::NumberCache number_cache
 
std::vector<::internal::DoFHandler::NumberCachemg_number_cache
 
std::vector< types::global_dof_indexvertex_dofs
 
std::vector< MGVertexDoFsmg_vertex_dofs
 
std::vector< std::unique_ptr<::internal::DoFHandler::DoFLevel< dim > > > levels
 
std::vector< std::unique_ptr<::internal::DoFHandler::DoFLevel< dim > > > mg_levels
 
std::unique_ptr<::internal::DoFHandler::DoFFaces< dim > > faces
 
std::unique_ptr<::internal::DoFHandler::DoFFaces< dim > > mg_faces
 
template<int , class , bool >
class DoFAccessor
 
template<class , bool >
class DoFCellAccessor
 
struct ::internal::DoFAccessor::Implementation
 
struct ::internal::DoFCellAccessor::Implementation
 
struct ::internal::DoFHandler::Implementation
 
struct ::internal::DoFHandler::Policy::Implementation
 
IteratorRange< cell_iteratorcell_iterators () const
 
IteratorRange< active_cell_iteratoractive_cell_iterators () const
 
IteratorRange< level_cell_iterator > mg_cell_iterators () const
 
IteratorRange< cell_iteratorcell_iterators_on_level (const unsigned int level) const
 
IteratorRange< active_cell_iteratoractive_cell_iterators_on_level (const unsigned int level) const
 
IteratorRange< level_cell_iterator > mg_cell_iterators_on_level (const unsigned int level) const
 
types::global_dof_index n_dofs () const
 
types::global_dof_index n_dofs (const unsigned int level) const
 
types::global_dof_index n_boundary_dofs () const
 
template<typename number >
types::global_dof_index n_boundary_dofs (const std::map< types::boundary_id, const Function< spacedim, number > * > &boundary_ids) const
 
types::global_dof_index n_boundary_dofs (const std::set< types::boundary_id > &boundary_ids) const
 
const BlockInfoblock_info () const
 
unsigned int n_locally_owned_dofs () const
 
const IndexSetlocally_owned_dofs () const
 
const IndexSetlocally_owned_mg_dofs (const unsigned int level) const
 
const std::vector< IndexSet > & locally_owned_dofs_per_processor () const
 
const std::vector< IndexSet > & locally_owned_mg_dofs_per_processor (const unsigned int level) const
 
const std::vector< types::global_dof_index > & n_locally_owned_dofs_per_processor () const
 
const FiniteElement< dim, spacedim > & get_fe (const unsigned int index=0) const
 
const hp::FECollection< dim, spacedim > & get_fe_collection () const
 
const Triangulation< dim, spacedim > & get_triangulation () const
 
virtual std::size_t memory_consumption () const
 
template<class Archive >
void save (Archive &ar, const unsigned int version) const
 
template<class Archive >
void load (Archive &ar, const unsigned int version)
 
static::ExceptionBase & ExcRenumberingIncomplete ()
 
static::ExceptionBase & ExcGridsDoNotMatch ()
 
static::ExceptionBase & ExcInvalidBoundaryIndicator ()
 
static::ExceptionBase & ExcNewNumbersNotConsecutive (types::global_dof_index arg1)
 
static::ExceptionBase & ExcInvalidLevel (int arg1)
 
static::ExceptionBase & ExcFacesHaveNoLevel ()
 
static::ExceptionBase & ExcEmptyLevel (int arg1)
 
void clear_space ()
 
void clear_mg_space ()
 
template<int structdim>
types::global_dof_index get_dof_index (const unsigned int obj_level, const unsigned int obj_index, const unsigned int fe_index, const unsigned int local_index) const
 
template<int structdim>
void set_dof_index (const unsigned int obj_level, const unsigned int obj_index, const unsigned int fe_index, const unsigned int local_index, const types::global_dof_index global_index) const
 

Additional Inherited Members

- Static Public Member Functions inherited from Subscriptor
static::ExceptionBase & ExcInUse (int arg1, char *arg2, std::string &arg3)
 
static::ExceptionBase & ExcNoSubscriber (char *arg1, char *arg2)
 

Detailed Description

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
class DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >

Given a triangulation and a description of a finite element, this class enumerates degrees of freedom on all vertices, edges, faces, and cells of the triangulation. As a result, it also provides a basis for a discrete space \(V_h\) whose elements are finite element functions defined on each cell by a FiniteElement object. This class satisfies the MeshType concept requirements.

It is first used in the step-2 tutorial program.

For each vertex, line, quad, etc, this class stores a list of the indices of degrees of freedom living on this object. These indices refer to the unconstrained degrees of freedom, i.e. constrained degrees of freedom are numbered in the same way as unconstrained ones, and are only later eliminated. This leads to the fact that indices in global vectors and matrices also refer to all degrees of freedom and some kind of condensation is needed to restrict the systems of equations to the unconstrained degrees of freedom only. The actual layout of storage of the indices is described in the internal::DoFHandler::DoFLevel class documentation.

The class offers iterators to traverse all cells, in much the same way as the Triangulation class does. Using the begin() and end() functions (and companions, like begin_active()), one can obtain iterators to walk over cells, and query the degree of freedom structures as well as the triangulation data. These iterators are built on top of those of the Triangulation class, but offer the additional information on degrees of freedom functionality compared to pure triangulation iterators. The order in which dof iterators are presented by the ++ and operators is the same as that for the corresponding iterators traversing the triangulation on which this DoFHandler is constructed.

The spacedim parameter has to be used if one wants to solve problems on surfaces. If not specified, this parameter takes the default value =dim implying that we want to solve problems in a domain whose dimension equals the dimension of the space in which it is embedded.

Distribution of indices for degrees of freedom

The degrees of freedom (`dofs') are distributed on the given triangulation by the function distribute_dofs(). It gets passed a finite element object describing how many degrees of freedom are located on vertices, lines, etc. It traverses the triangulation cell by cell and numbers the dofs of that cell if not yet numbered. For non-multigrid algorithms, only active cells are considered. Active cells are defined to be those cells which have no children, i.e. they are the most refined ones.

Since the triangulation is traversed starting with the cells of the coarsest active level and going to more refined levels, the lowest numbers for dofs are given to the largest cells as well as their bounding lines and vertices, with the dofs of more refined cells getting higher numbers.

This numbering implies very large bandwidths of the resulting matrices and is thus vastly suboptimal for some solution algorithms. For this reason, the DoFRenumbering class offers several algorithms to reorder the dof numbering according. See there for a discussion of the implemented algorithms.

Interaction with distributed meshes

Upon construction, this class takes a reference to a triangulation object. In most cases, this will be a reference to an object of type Triangulation, i.e. the class that represents triangulations that entirely reside on a single processor. However, it can also be of type parallel::distributed::Triangulation (see, for example, step-32, step-40 and in particular the Parallel computing with multiple processors using distributed memory module) in which case the DoFHandler object will proceed to only manage degrees of freedom on locally owned and ghost cells. This process is entirely transparent to the used.

User defined renumbering schemes

The DoFRenumbering class offers a number of renumbering schemes like the Cuthill-McKee scheme. Basically, the function sets up an array in which for each degree of freedom we store the new index this DoF should have after renumbering. Using this array, the renumber_dofs() function of the present class is called, which actually performs the change from old DoF indices to the ones given in the array. In some cases, however, a user may want to compute her own renumbering order; in this case, one can allocate an array with one element per degree of freedom and fill it with the number that the respective degree of freedom shall be assigned. This number may, for example, be obtained by sorting the support points of the degrees of freedom in downwind direction. Then call the renumber_dofs(vector<types::global_dof_index>) function with the array, which converts old into new degree of freedom indices.

Serializing (loading or storing) DoFHandler objects

Like many other classes in deal.II, the DoFHandler class can stream its contents to an archive using BOOST's serialization facilities. The data so stored can later be retrieved again from the archive to restore the contents of this object. This facility is frequently used to save the state of a program to disk for possible later resurrection, often in the context of checkpoint/restart strategies for long running computations or on computers that aren't very reliable (e.g. on very large clusters where individual nodes occasionally fail and then bring down an entire MPI job).

The model for doing so is similar for the DoFHandler class as it is for the Triangulation class (see the section in the general documentation of that class). In particular, the load() function does not exactly restore the same state as was stored previously using the save() function. Rather, the function assumes that you load data into a DoFHandler object that is already associated with a triangulation that has a content that matches the one that was used when the data was saved. Likewise, the load() function assumes that the current object is already associated with a finite element object that matches the one that was associated with it when data was saved; the latter can be achieved by calling DoFHandler::distribute_dofs() using the same kind of finite element before re-loading data from the serialization archive.

Author
Wolfgang Bangerth, Markus Buerg, Timo Heister, Guido Kanschat,
Date
1998, 1999, 2000, 2012

Definition at line 29 of file block_info.h.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

template<int dim, int spacedim>
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::DoFHandler ( )

Standard constructor, not initializing any data. After constructing an object with this constructor, use initialize() to make a valid DoFHandler.

Definition at line 675 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::DoFHandler ( const Triangulation< dim, spacedim > &  tria)

Constructor. Take tria as the triangulation to work on.

Definition at line 653 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::DoFHandler ( const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &  )
delete

Copy constructor. DoFHandler objects are large and expensive. They should not be copied, in particular not by accident, but rather deliberately constructed. As a consequence, this constructor is explicitly removed from the interface of this class.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::~DoFHandler ( )
virtual

Destructor.

Definition at line 683 of file dof_handler.cc.

Member Function Documentation

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
DoFHandler& DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::operator= ( const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &  )
delete

Copy operator. DoFHandler objects are large and expensive. They should not be copied, in particular not by accident, but rather deliberately constructed. As a consequence, this operator is explicitly removed from the interface of this class.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
void DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::initialize ( const Triangulation< dim, spacedim > &  tria,
const FiniteElement< dim, spacedim > &  fe 
)

Assign a Triangulation and a FiniteElement to the DoFHandler and compute the distribution of degrees of freedom over the mesh.

Definition at line 698 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
void DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::distribute_dofs ( const FiniteElement< dim, spacedim > &  fe)
virtual

Go through the triangulation and "distribute" the degrees of freedoms needed for the given finite element. "Distributing" degrees of freedom involved allocating memory to store the information that describes it (e.g., whether it is located on a vertex, edge, face, etc) and to sequentially enumerate all degrees of freedom. In other words, while the mesh and the finite element object by themselves simply define a finite element space \(V_h\), the process of distributing degrees of freedom makes sure that there is a basis for this space and that the shape functions of this basis are enumerated in an indexable, predictable way.

The purpose of this function is first discussed in the introduction to the step-2 tutorial program.

Note
A copy of the finite element given as argument is stored.

Definition at line 992 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
void DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::distribute_mg_dofs ( const FiniteElement< dim, spacedim > &  fe)
virtual

Distribute level degrees of freedom on each level for geometric multigrid. The active DoFs need to be distributed using distribute_dofs() before calling this function and the fe needs to be identical to the finite element passed to distribute_dofs().

Deprecated:
Use the version without parameter instead.

Definition at line 1029 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
void DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::distribute_mg_dofs ( )
virtual

Distribute level degrees of freedom on each level for geometric multigrid. The active DoFs need to be distributed using distribute_dofs() before calling this function.

Definition at line 1037 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
bool DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::has_level_dofs ( ) const

This function returns whether this DoFHandler has DoFs distributed on each multigrid level or in other words if distribute_mg_dofs() has been called.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
bool DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::has_active_dofs ( ) const

This function returns whether this DoFHandler has active DoFs. This is equivalent to asking whether (i) distribute_dofs() has been called and (ii) the finite element for which degrees of freedom have been distributed actually has degrees of freedom (which is not the case for FE_Nothing, for example).

If this object is based on a parallel::distributed::Triangulation, then the current function returns true if any partition of the parallel DoFHandler object has any degrees of freedom. In other words, the function returns true even if the Triangulation does not own any active cells on the current MPI process, but at least one process owns cells and at least this one process has any degrees of freedom associated with it.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
void DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::initialize_local_block_info ( )

After distribute_dofs() with an FESystem element, the block structure of global and level vectors is stored in a BlockInfo object accessible with block_info(). This function initializes the local block structure on each cell in the same object.

Definition at line 1075 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
void DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::clear ( )
virtual

Clear all data of this object.

Definition at line 1083 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
void DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::renumber_dofs ( const std::vector< types::global_dof_index > &  new_numbers)

Renumber degrees of freedom based on a list of new dof numbers for all the dofs.

This function is called by the functions in DoFRenumbering function after computing the ordering of the degrees of freedom. This function is called, for example, by the functions in the DoFRenumbering namespace, but it can of course also be called from user code.

  • new_number This array must have a size equal to the number of degrees of freedom owned by the current processor, i.e. the size must be equal to what n_locally_owned_dofs() returns. If only one processor participates in storing the current mesh, then this equals the total number of degrees of freedom, i.e. the result of n_dofs(). The contents of this array are the new global indices for each freedom listed in the IndexSet returned by locally_owned_dofs(). In the case of a sequential mesh this means that the array is a list of new indices for each of the degrees of freedom on the current mesh. In the case that we have a parallel::distributed::Triangulation underlying this DoFHandler object, the array is a list of new indices for all the locally owned degrees of freedom, enumerated in the same order as the currently locally owned DoFs. In other words, assume that degree of freedom i is currently locally owned, then new_numbers[locally_owned_dofs().index_within_set(i)] returns the new global DoF index of i. Since the IndexSet of locally_owned_dofs() is complete in the sequential case, the latter convention for the content of the array reduces to the former in the case that only one processor participates in the mesh.

Definition at line 1097 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
void DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::renumber_dofs ( const unsigned int  level,
const std::vector< types::global_dof_index > &  new_numbers 
)

The same function as above, but renumber the degrees of freedom of a single level of a multigrid hierarchy.

Definition at line 1135 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
unsigned int DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::max_couplings_between_dofs ( ) const

Return the maximum number of degrees of freedom a degree of freedom in the given triangulation with the given finite element may couple with. This is the maximum number of entries per line in the system matrix; this information can therefore be used upon construction of the SparsityPattern object.

The returned number is not really the maximum number but an estimate based on the finite element and the maximum number of cells meeting at a vertex. The number holds for the constrained matrix as well.

The determination of the number of couplings can be done by simple picture drawing. An example can be found in the implementation of this function.

Note
This function is most often used to determine the maximal row length for sparsity patterns. Unfortunately, while the estimates returned by this function are rather accurate in 1d and 2d, they are often significantly too high in 3d, leading the SparsityPattern class to allocate much too much memory in some cases. Unless someone comes around to improving the present function for 3d, there is not very much one can do about these cases. The typical way to work around this problem is to use an intermediate compressed sparsity pattern that only allocates memory on demand. Refer to the step-2 and step-11 example programs on how to do this. The problem is also discussed in the documentation of the module on Sparsity patterns.

Definition at line 1150 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
unsigned int DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::max_couplings_between_boundary_dofs ( ) const

Return the number of degrees of freedom located on the boundary another dof on the boundary can couple with.

The number is the same as for max_couplings_between_dofs() in one dimension less.

Note
The same applies to this function as to max_couplings_per_dofs() as regards the performance of this function. Think about one of the dynamic sparsity pattern classes instead (see Sparsity patterns).

Definition at line 1159 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::begin ( const unsigned int  level = 0) const

Iterator to the first used cell on level level.

Definition at line 722 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::active_cell_iterator DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::begin_active ( const unsigned int  level = 0) const

Iterator to the first active cell on level level. If the given level does not contain any active cells (i.e., all cells on this level are further refined, then this function returns end_active(level) so that loops of the kind

for (cell=dof_handler.begin_active(level); cell!=dof_handler.end_active(level); ++cell)
...

have zero iterations, as may be expected if there are no active cells on this level.

Definition at line 734 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::end ( ) const

Iterator past the end; this iterator serves for comparisons of iterators with past-the-end or before-the-beginning states.

Definition at line 750 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::cell_iterator DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::end ( const unsigned int  level) const

Return an iterator which is the first iterator not on the given level. If level is the last level, then this returns end().

Definition at line 761 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::active_cell_iterator DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::end_active ( const unsigned int  level) const

Return an active iterator which is the first active iterator not on the given level. If level is the last level, then this returns end().

Definition at line 772 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::level_cell_iterator DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::begin_mg ( const unsigned int  level = 0) const

Iterator to the first used cell on level level. This returns a level_cell_iterator that returns level dofs when dof_indices() is called.

Definition at line 784 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::level_cell_iterator DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::end_mg ( const unsigned int  level) const

Iterator past the last cell on level level. This returns a level_cell_iterator that returns level dofs when dof_indices() is called.

Definition at line 797 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::level_cell_iterator DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::end_mg ( ) const

Iterator past the end; this iterator serves for comparisons of iterators with past-the-end or before-the-beginning states.

Definition at line 810 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
types::global_dof_index DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::n_dofs ( ) const

Return the global number of degrees of freedom. If the current object handles all degrees of freedom itself (even if you may intend to solve your linear system in parallel, such as in step-17 or step-18), then this number equals the number of locally owned degrees of freedom since this object doesn't know anything about what you want to do with it and believes that it owns every degree of freedom it knows about.

On the other hand, if this object operates on a parallel::distributed::Triangulation object, then this function returns the global number of degrees of freedom, accumulated over all processors.

In either case, included in the returned number are those DoFs which are constrained by hanging nodes, see Constraints on degrees of freedom.

Mathematically speaking, the number returned by this function equals the dimension of the finite element space (without taking into account constraints) that corresponds to (i) the mesh on which it is defined, and (ii) the finite element that is used by the current object. It also, of course, equals the number of shape functions that span this space.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
types::global_dof_index DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::n_dofs ( const unsigned int  level) const

The (global) number of multilevel degrees of freedom on a given level.

If no level degrees of freedom have been assigned to this level, returns numbers::invalid_dof_index. Else returns the number of degrees of freedom on this level.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
types::global_dof_index DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::n_boundary_dofs ( ) const

Return the number of degrees of freedom located on the boundary.

Definition at line 888 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
template<typename number >
types::global_dof_index DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::n_boundary_dofs ( const std::map< types::boundary_id, const Function< spacedim, number > * > &  boundary_ids) const

Return the number of degrees of freedom located on those parts of the boundary which have a boundary indicator listed in the given set. The reason that a map rather than a set is used is the same as described in the documentation of that variant of DoFTools::make_boundary_sparsity_pattern() that takes a map. To this end, the type of the boundary_ids argument is the same as typename FunctionMap<spacedim,number>::type.

There is, however, another overload of this function that takes a set argument (see below).

template<int dim, int spacedim>
types::global_dof_index DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::n_boundary_dofs ( const std::set< types::boundary_id > &  boundary_ids) const

Return the number of degrees of freedom located on those parts of the boundary which have a boundary indicator listed in the given set. The

Definition at line 927 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
const BlockInfo& DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::block_info ( ) const

Access to an object informing of the block structure of the dof handler.

If an FESystem is used in distribute_dofs(), degrees of freedom naturally split into several blocks. For each base element as many blocks appear as its multiplicity.

At the end of distribute_dofs(), the number of degrees of freedom in each block is counted, and stored in a BlockInfo object, which can be accessed here. If you have previously called distribute_mg_dofs(), the same is done on each level of the multigrid hierarchy. Additionally, the block structure on each cell can be generated in this object by calling initialize_local_block_info().

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
unsigned int DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::n_locally_owned_dofs ( ) const

Return the number of degrees of freedom that belong to this process.

If this is a sequential job, then the result equals that produced by n_dofs(). On the other hand, if we are operating on a parallel::distributed::Triangulation, then it includes only the degrees of freedom that the current processor owns. Note that in this case this does not include all degrees of freedom that have been distributed on the current processor's image of the mesh: in particular, some of the degrees of freedom on the interface between the cells owned by this processor and cells owned by other processors may be theirs, and degrees of freedom on ghost cells are also not necessarily included.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
const IndexSet& DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::locally_owned_dofs ( ) const

Return an IndexSet describing the set of locally owned DoFs as a subset of 0..n_dofs(). The number of elements of this set equals n_locally_owned_dofs().

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
const IndexSet& DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::locally_owned_mg_dofs ( const unsigned int  level) const

Return an IndexSet describing the set of locally owned DoFs used for the given multigrid level as a subset of 0..n_dofs(level).

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
const std::vector<IndexSet>& DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::locally_owned_dofs_per_processor ( ) const

Return a vector that stores the locally owned DoFs of each processor. If you are only interested in the number of elements each processor owns then n_locally_owned_dofs_per_processor() is a better choice.

If this is a sequential job, then the vector has a single element that equals the IndexSet representing the entire range [0,n_dofs()].

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
const std::vector<types::global_dof_index>& DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::n_locally_owned_dofs_per_processor ( ) const

Return a vector that stores the number of degrees of freedom each processor that participates in this triangulation owns locally. The sum of all these numbers equals the number of degrees of freedom that exist globally, i.e. what n_dofs() returns.

Each element of the vector returned by this function equals the number of elements of the corresponding sets returned by global_dof_indices().

If this is a sequential job, then the vector has a single element equal to n_dofs().

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
const FiniteElement<dim,spacedim>& DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::get_fe ( const unsigned int  index = 0) const

Return a constant reference to the selected finite element object. Since there is only one FiniteElement index must be equal to zero which is also the default value.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
const hp::FECollection<dim,spacedim>& DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::get_fe_collection ( ) const

Return a constant reference to the set of finite element objects that are used by this DoFHandler. Since this object only contains one FiniteElement, only this one object is returned wrapped in a hp::FECollection.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
const Triangulation<dim,spacedim>& DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::get_triangulation ( ) const

Return a constant reference to the triangulation underlying this object.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
std::size_t DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::memory_consumption ( ) const
virtual

Determine an estimate for the memory consumption (in bytes) of this object.

This function is made virtual, since a dof handler object might be accessed through a pointers to this base class, although the actual object might be a derived class.

Definition at line 963 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
template<class Archive >
void DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::save ( Archive &  ar,
const unsigned int  version 
) const

Write the data of this object to a stream for the purpose of serialization.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
template<class Archive >
void DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::load ( Archive &  ar,
const unsigned int  version 
)

Read the data of this object from a stream for the purpose of serialization.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
void DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::clear_space ( )
private

Free all memory used for non-multigrid data structures.

Definition at line 1197 of file dof_handler.cc.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
void DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::clear_mg_space ( )
private

Free all memory used for multigrid data structures.

Definition at line 1061 of file dof_handler.cc.

Friends And Related Function Documentation

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
template<int , class , bool >
friend class DoFAccessor
friend

Make accessor objects friends.

Definition at line 1096 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim>
unsigned int max_dofs_per_cell ( const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &  dh)
related

Maximal number of degrees of freedom on a cell.

Deprecated:
Use dh.get_fe_collection().max_dofs_per_cell().
template<int dim, int spacedim>
unsigned int max_dofs_per_face ( const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &  dh)
related

Maximal number of degrees of freedom on a face.

This function exists for both non-hp and hp DoFHandlers, to allow for a uniform interface to query this property.

Deprecated:
Use dh.get_fe_collection().max_dofs_per_face().
template<int dim, int spacedim>
unsigned int max_dofs_per_vertex ( const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &  dh)
related

Maximal number of degrees of freedom on a vertex.

This function exists for both non-hp and hp DoFHandlers, to allow for a uniform interface to query this property.

Deprecated:
Use dh.get_fe_collection().max_dofs_per_vertex().
template<int dim, int spacedim>
unsigned int n_components ( const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &  dh)
related

Number of vector components in the finite element object used by this DoFHandler.

This function exists for both non-hp and hp DoFHandlers, to allow for a uniform interface to query this property.

Deprecated:
Use dh.get_fe_collection().n_components().
template<int dim, int spacedim>
bool fe_is_primitive ( const DoFHandler< dim, spacedim > &  dh)
related

Find out whether the first FiniteElement used by this DoFHandler is primitive or not.

This function exists for both non-hp and hp DoFHandlers, to allow for a uniform interface to query this property.

Deprecated:
Use dh.get_fe(0).is_primitive().

Member Data Documentation

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
const unsigned int DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::dimension = dim
static

Make the dimension available in function templates.

Definition at line 272 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
const unsigned int DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::space_dimension = spacedim
static

Make the space dimension available in function templates.

Definition at line 277 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
const types::global_dof_index DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::invalid_dof_index = numbers::invalid_dof_index
static

When the arrays holding the DoF indices are set up, but before they are filled with actual values, they are set to an invalid value, in order to monitor possible problems. This invalid value is the constant defined here.

Please note that you should not rely on it having a certain value, but rather take its symbolic name.

Deprecated:
Use numbers::invalid_dof_index instead.

Definition at line 290 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
const unsigned int DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::default_fe_index = 0
static

The default index of the finite element to be used on a given cell. Since the present class only supports the same finite element to be used on all cells, the index of the finite element needs to be the same on all cells anyway, and by convention we pick zero for this value. The situation is different for hp objects (i.e. the hp::DoFHandler class) where different finite element indices may be used on different cells, and the default index there corresponds to an invalid value.

Definition at line 301 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
BlockInfo DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::block_info_object
private

An object containing information on the block structure.

Definition at line 933 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
SmartPointer<const Triangulation<dim,spacedim>,DoFHandler<dim,spacedim> > DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::tria
private

Address of the triangulation to work on.

Definition at line 939 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
std::unique_ptr<const hp::FECollection<dim,spacedim> > DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::fe_collection
private

Store a pointer to a hp::FECollection object containing the (one) FiniteElement this object is initialized with.

Definition at line 946 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
std::unique_ptr<::internal::DoFHandler::Policy::PolicyBase<dim,spacedim> > DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::policy
private

An object that describes how degrees of freedom should be distributed and renumbered.

Definition at line 952 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
::internal::DoFHandler::NumberCache DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::number_cache
private

A structure that contains all sorts of numbers that characterize the degrees of freedom this object works on.

For most members of this structure, there is an accessor function in this class that returns its value.

Definition at line 961 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
std::vector<::internal::DoFHandler::NumberCache> DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::mg_number_cache
private

Data structure like number_cache, but for each multigrid level.

Definition at line 966 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
std::vector<types::global_dof_index> DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::vertex_dofs
private

Array to store the indices for degrees of freedom located at vertices.

Definition at line 1068 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
std::vector<MGVertexDoFs> DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::mg_vertex_dofs
private

An array to store the indices for level degrees of freedom located at vertices.

Definition at line 1074 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
std::vector<std::unique_ptr<::internal::DoFHandler::DoFLevel<dim> > > DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::levels
private

Space to store the DoF numbers for the different levels. Analogous to the levels[] tree of the Triangulation objects.

Definition at line 1080 of file dof_handler.h.

template<int dim, int spacedim = dim>
std::unique_ptr<::internal::DoFHandler::DoFFaces<dim> > DoFHandler< dim, spacedim >::faces
private

Space to store DoF numbers of faces. They are not stored in levels since faces are not organized hierarchically, but in a flat array.

Definition at line 1089 of file dof_handler.h.


The documentation for this class was generated from the following files: